Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Sondheim, an enthusiast for games and puzzles, cowrote two nonmusical mysteries: the film The Last of Sheila (1973), with Anthony Perkins, and the play Getting Away with Murder (1996), with George Furth. Roundabout's Sondheim 80 Celebrates a Master's Milestone", "About Last Night: Inside Sondheim's Birthday", "Lansbury, Zeta-Jones, Lane, Cariou, Gleason, Zien Sing Sondheim at City Center April 26", "Judi Dench Sings 'Send in the Clowns' for Sondheim's 80th", "Photo Coverage: The New York Pops Celebrate Stephen Sondheim's 80th Birthday", "What Are the Stephen Sondheim Songs Close to Your Heart", "Watch This Epic Video of Broadway Stars Singing Birthday Wishes and Sondheim Tunes to Wish Stephen Sondheim a 'Happy Birthday, "More Stars! Stephen Sondheim, in full Stephen Joshua Sondheim, (born March 22, 1930, New York City, New York, U.S.), American composer and lyricist whose brilliance in matching words and music in dramatic situations broke new ground for Broadway musical theatre. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Stephen Sondheim. Having served as lyricist for West Side Story, young Sondheim was itching for the chance to work as a composer, too, and his friend playwright Arthur Laurents recommended him for that role with a new show based on the fanciful memoirs of striptease artist Gypsy Rose Lee. He has written the music and lyrics for twelve Broadway musicals and the lyrics for West Side Story, Gypsy, and Do I Hear a Waltz?, as well as many other songs.He has composed film scores and has won an Academy Award best original song for “Sooner or Later,” which was sung by Madonna in Dick Tracy. When he graduated in 1950, he received the Hutchinson Prize for composition, a fellowship. After returning to New York City, he wrote incidental music for the play The Girls of Summer (1956). Young Stephen battled domestic instability and a tough relationship with his mother to emerge as a child prodigy, as he started learning piano at the age of seven and wrote his first musical when he was fifteen. Most critics agree that his work marked a break from more traditional and sentimental musical comedies of the earlier decades of the century. Under the tutelage of a family friend, Oscar Hammerstein II, he studied musical theatre. Claim: Stephen Sondheim can be considered "the father of the modern American musical". After contributing lyrics to Do I Hear a Waltz? It's also why his legacy is so important: Stephen Sondheim changed the face of the medium… "Send In The Clowns" I hesitated to include "Send In The Clowns" at all, let alone as the #1 Sondheim … In 2015 he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Calling Sondheim the greatest living composer is an understatement: To many, he's the greatest musical theater composer of all time. He also studied music at Williams College, Williamstown, Massachusetts, and wrote college shows there. Stephen Sondheim is a deserving winner of the Olivier Special Award. As a member of this small but fervent demographic, Id like to explain why weve been so tense. He did his pre college training at George School, Newtown then was in a class of 50 at Williams College majoring in music as an undergraduate distinguishing himself by writing a book, lyrics and music for two college shows based on the adaption of 'Beggar on Horseback'. American lyricist and composer Stephen Sondheim is known for the remarkable range of musicals he's worked on, from 'West Side Story' to 'Sweeney Todd' to 'Into the Woods. The most important … The reason why his experiences while he was young are important is because it eventually led Sondheim to meet his first musical theatre mentor, Oscar Hammerstein II, who taught some of Sondheim’s most important musical theatre lessons. But there was a stumbling block: The show was being built around legendary star Ethel Merman, and she wasn’t willing to take a chance … Sondheim combined the roles of composer and lyricist for works of technical and intellectual sophistication, including. The musical weaves together fairy-tale figures like Cinderella, Jack (of the beanstalk), Little Red Riding Hood and the wolf, Rapunzel and the witch, and more than one handsome prince. Stephen Sondheim is in a tie and a loud, boxy sports jacket, his hair slicked back, his grin forced -- a geek trying to cut it with the popular crowd. Groundhog Day: A new stage musical by us", "Stephen Sondheim and James Earl Jones Set for TimesTalks This Fall", "Exclusive! Sondheim and Lapine paired again for Into the Woods (1987; film 2014), which deconstructs and interweaves the plots of familiar fairy tales, and Passion (1994), a melodramatic romance based on the Italian film Passione d’amore (1981). Part of it is that Into the Woods is easy to get wrong. Here is a quick look at why this new musical is important to know. The sophisticated composer and his snappy songs have migrated from stage to … So I reached out to Steve, explained why ASTEP might be a nice connection, and he said, “Ask me if you need any help.” ... [Patinkin],” because he was so important. ... and even Stephen Sondheim’s “Assassins” won five of the coveted statues. By Liz Leyden; Illustration by Sam Kerr UPDATE: For the health and safety of our community, Sondheim events from 3/12/20 onward have been canceled. He made his first significant mark on Broadway, though, as the lyricist for Leonard Bernstein’s West Side Story, which opened in 1957. Both shows won the Tony Award for best score. Stephen Sondheim was born in New York in 1930. He then studied further in New York City with the composer Milton Babbitt. Stephen Sondheim Summary 951 Words | 4 Pages. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. The composer and lyricist Stephen Sondheim is the most important artist to work in the American musical theater over the past half-century. Stephen Sondheim's 1981 musical Merrily We Roll Along is in the middle of a two-week run at the New York City Center as part of an Encores! Stephen Sondheim, Soundtrack: Dick Tracy. Stephen Sondheim, in full Stephen Joshua Sondheim, (born March 22, 1930, New York City, New York, U.S.), American composer and lyricist whose brilliance in matching words and music in dramatic situations broke new ground for Broadway musical theatre. His lyrics sing and sting, as his characters soar and collapse. He studied piano for two years while very young and continued his interest in the musical stage throughout his education. Composer Leonard Bernstein and his co-creators, Jerome Robbins (director, choreographer and original idea-man) Arthur Laurents (who wrote the book) and Stephen Sondheim (lyricist) aimed for lofty ideals in the show’s themes and every detail of its production. From ‘South Park’ to ‘Knives Out,’ Pop Culture Is Steeped With Sondheim. Brought to fruition by a sea of names including (in no particular order!) Stephen Sondheim was born on March 22, 1930, to upper-middle-class parents, Herbert and Janet Sondheim. American composer Cole Albert Porter (1891-1964) wrote songs (both words and music) for over 30 stage and film musicals. Two new characters, a baker and his wife whove been cursed with barrenness, help to tie everything together. Again, I think it’s my history nerdism that’s blinding me here, but I can think of very, very … His is musical theatre – like plays with music – not musical comedy, and there's a big difference. Her won the Hutchinson prize to study music composition for 2 years. This article was most recently revised and updated by, Movie, TV & Stage Development & Production, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Stephen-Sondheim, Songwriters Hall of Fame - Biography of Stephen Sondheim, The Stephen Sondheim Society - Biography of Stephen Sondheim, Jewish Virtual Library - Biography of Stephen Sondheim, Academy of Achievement - Biography of Stephen Sondheim, Stephen Sondheim - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up), A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum, “A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum”. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Perhaps even more than his collaborators, he was a rebel advancing a cause: a … He also notably wrote five songs for the movie Dick Tracy (1990), winning an Academy Award for “Sooner or Later (I Always Get My Man).” The HBO documentary Six by Sondheim (2013) chronicled his life and artistic process. Sondheim’s acerbic lyrics hit responsive chords with many theatregoers. Gypsy. Omissions? Stephen Joshua Sondheim is an American composer and lyricist known for his work in musical theatre. A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum—based on comedies by the Roman playwright Plautus—opened on Broadway in 1962, with music and lyrics by Sondheim. "It has been my privilege to have had many professional experiences and collaborations with Steve Sondheim. Corrections? In the late 20th century, Sondheim and the Englishman Andrew Lloyd Webber became the most important figures in American musical theatre. On the occasion of his 90th birthday, Stephen Sondheim ’50 is the subject of a campus celebration and deep reflection on his musical theater—and Williams—legacies. Stephen Sondheim is arguably one of the best ever composers in the field of musical theatre and certainly the best of his generation. He won Tony Awards for best score for Company (1970), on contemporary marriage and bachelorhood; Follies (1971), a tribute to early 20th-century Broadway that includes many pastiche songs; A Little Night Music (1973; film 1977), based on Ingmar Bergman’s film Smiles of a Summer Night (1955); and Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street (1979; film 2007), a macabre tale set in Victorian-era London. Two years later, however, his Anyone Can Whistle closed after only nine performances. Fans of musical theatre all around the world most likely know who Stephen Sondheim is. '. In the early 1950s Sondheim wrote scripts in Hollywood for the television series Topper. He has written a myriad of musicals, such as “West Side Story”, “Into the Woods”, and “Sweeney Todd”, and these are only his most famous ones. Assassins. Production.Portions of … The book Finishing the Hat (2010) is a collection of Sondheim’s lyrics, with his own commentaries on them. Yet the appearance is deceiving. Why Stephen Sondheim’s ‘Assassins’ is essential viewing for every American by Amy Lynn Smith This bold musical depicts the dark side of the American Dream and reflects the work yet to be done to ensure life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness for all. His father was a dress manufacturer and his mother was a fashion designer and interior decorator. His shows have been acclaimed for addressing "darker, more harrowing elements of the human experience,… Updates? Assassins (1990) explores the lives of nine historical characters, such as John Wilkes Booth, who either assassinated U.S. presidents or attempted to do so. Later Sondheim works include Bounce (2003; retitled Road Show in 2008), about the colourful adventures of a pair of early 20th-century American entrepreneurs. Precocious as a child, Sondheim showed an early musical aptitude among other wide-ranging interests. He then wrote the lyrics for Gypsy (1959; music by Jule Styne). One of the most important figures in 20th-century musical theatre, Sondheim has been praised for having “reinvented the American musical" with shows that tackle "unexpected themes that range far beyond the [genre's] traditional subjects" with "music and lyrics of unprecedented complexity and sophistication." Several revues of his work were staged, among them Side by Side by Sondheim (1976), Putting It Together (1992), and Sondheim on Sondheim (2010). (1965; music by Richard Rodgers), Sondheim focused solely on shows in which he wrote both music and lyrics. Stephen Sondheim, fresh from college, studied the scores of Beethoven quartets, among other works, during private lessons with the 12-tone composer Milton Babbitt. Stephen Sondheim: the man who brought an edge to the musical. But why? Sondheim Explains Evolution from Bounce to Road Show", "Sondheim sounds off about writing songs", "Stephen Sondheim's "Look, I Made a Hat", Part Two of His Career in Lyrics, in Stores Nov. 22", "THEATER;A Composer's Death Echoes in His Musical - New York Times", "London's Jermyn Street Theatre to Offer Secret Sondheim with Cutko, Armstrong and McArthur", "HBO to Air Six By Sondheim Documentary, Featuring Jeremy Jordan, Audra McDonald, Darren Criss & More", Review: HBO's 'Six by Sondheim' is a stylish salute to a Broadway legend", "Golden Plate Awardees of the American Academy of Achievement", "Stephen Sondheim to receive special Olivier Award", Olivier Awards 2011: 'Legally Blonde,' Stephen Sondheim Dominate", Stephen Sondheim Receives UK Critics' Circle 2011 Award for Distinguished Services to the Arts", "Stephen Sondheim, Barbra Streisand, and More to Receive Presidential Medal of Freedom", "President Obama Announces the Presidential Medal of Freedom Recipients", "Obama honoring Spielberg, Streisand and more with medal of freedom", "Benanti, Gleason, Pierce, Stritch, Walton, Zien Join Philharmonic Sondheim Celebration", "About Last Night: The Stars on Sondheim", "Starry Sondheim: The Birthday Concert Airs on "Great Performances" Nov. 24", "Everybody Rise! Precocious as a child, Sondheim showed an early musical aptitude among other wide-ranging interests. In 2000 he received the Japan Art Association’s Praemium Imperiale prize for theatre/film, and in 2008 he was honoured with a special Tony Award for lifetime achievement in the theatre. He has not only collaborated on more than a dozen landmark shows from which have come many standard songs but has also been the single most influential force in bringing the Broadway musical into the modern age. From the 1950s and into the 1990s, Stephen Sondheim was one of the defining contributors to American musical theater. Peter Kramer/Associated Press. It ran for 964 performances and won the Tony Award for best musical. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Summing up Stephen Sondheim's six decades in theater is a challenge. Sondheim next collaborated with playwright-director James Lapine to create Sunday in the Park with George (1984), a musical inspired by the painting Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte by pointillist Georges Seurat. Leonard Bernstein, Arthur Laurents, Stephen Sondheim, Jerome Robbins- all giants in the world of music and musical theatre- it is a story that despite a seemingly archaic plot continues to inspire and be an ideological food-for-thought in 21st Century America. This is popular art for grownups with sutured hearts, and Sondheim is their confessor, surgeon and priest… All were either produced or directed by Harold Prince, as were Pacific Overtures (1976), in which Sondheim looked to Japanese Kabuki theatre for stylized effects, and Merrily We Roll Along (1981), adapted from a 1934 play by George S. Kaufman and Moss Hart. He studied piano and organ, and at age 15 he wrote a musical at George School in Bucks county, Pennsylvania. Take Me to the World: A Sondheim 90th Birthday Celebration Just Got Even Bigger", "Near Cornfields Worthy of Hammerstein, a Theatre Named for Sondheim Rises in Midwest", "Original Cast Members Fete Sondheim at New Midwest Arts Center Dec. 7–9", "Tomlin to Join Fifth Season of 'Desperate Housewives'", "'Desperate Housewives' final episode title revealed", "Signature Creates Sondheim Award, to Be Presented at April 2009 Gala", Peters and Cerveris Celebrate Sondheim at DC Sondheim Award Gala April 27", "Garber, Mazzie, Danieley and More Celebrate Lansbury in DC Gala April 12", "Bernadette Peters Gets Sondheim Award April 11; Stephen Buntrock, Rebecca Luker, Euan Morton Sing", "Laura Benanti, Howard McGillin and More Sing the Praises of Patti LuPone in DC Sondheim Award Gala April 16", "Signature's Sondheim Award Gala, Featuring Ron Raines, Heidi Blickenstaff and Pamela Myers, Honors Jonathan Tunick April 7", "James Lapine to Receive Signature Theatre's 2015 Stephen Sondheim Award", "A two-time Tony Award winner headlines Signature Theatre’s annual gala", "Photo Coverage: Signature Theatre Honors Cameron Mackintosh with Stephen Sondheim Award", "Sondheim Is All Over the Movies This Year, but 'Joker' and 'Marriage Story' Don't Do Him Justice", "If Adam Driver's Song In Marriage Story Destroyed You, Read This", "The Morning Show Did a Surprise Jennifer Aniston–Billy Crudup Sweeney Todd Duet", "Stephen Sondheim: 'My ideal collaborator is me'", "New York County Clerk's Office; New York, New York; Borough: Brooklyn", Wisconsin Center for Film and Theater Research, Stephen Sondheim online-with Finishing The Chat, "Stephen Sondheim, The Art of the Musical", Stephen Sondheim Center for Performing Arts, MMD – developing new musical theatre with Sondheim as patron, News article "Sondheim 'Story So Far' available 9/30, including previously unreleased tracks", Review of "Finishing the Hat: Collected Lyrics (1954–1981)", High Noon (Do Not Forsake Me, Oh My Darlin'), Que Sera, Sera (Whatever Will Be, Will Be), Evergreen (Love Theme from A Star Is Born), Ray Charles McCullough II, Jeremy Reeves, Ray Romulus & Jonathan Yip, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Stephen_Sondheim&oldid=994637290, Members of the American Academy of Arts and Letters, Best Original Song Academy Award-winning songwriters, Fellows of St Catherine's College, Oxford, United States National Medal of Arts recipients, Fellows of the Royal Society of Literature, Honorary Members of the Royal Academy of Music, Fellows of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Articles with dead external links from September 2014, Articles with dead external links from July 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from May 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Internet Off-Broadway Database person ID same as Wikidata, Articles with dead external links from October 2019, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Wrote "The Madam's Song", also known as "I Never Do Anything Twice", Two songs for the film: "It Takes All Kinds" (unused) and "Little Dream", Based on a play he admired; Sondheim chose, Based on a play he liked but thought flawed; Sondheim chose, Based on an existing novel or short story not previously dramatized, which became his unfinished version of, Hutchinson Prize for Music Composition (1950), In November 2015, Sondheim was awarded the, Denis Markell and Douglas Bernstein (1993), Erik Frandsen, Michael Garin, Paul Lockheart and Robert Hipkins (1992), Cheryl Crawford / Equity Liberty Theatre /, This page was last edited on 16 December 2020, at 19:17. By the end of Act I, everyones wishes have come true: Cinderella gets her prince… In the summer of 1942, Sondheim met Jamie Hammerstein, son of Oscar Hammerstein, and Sondheim quickly became Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. A Stephen Sondheim musical is adventurous in content and form.